You might often need to find the port names and numbers for some reasons. If so, you're in luck. Today, in this brief tutorial, we are going to see the easiest and quickest ways to find the port number of a service in Linux operating system. There could be many methods to do it, but I am aware of the following three methods only at present. Read on.
Find The Port Number Of A Service In Linux
Method 1 - Using Grep command:
To find the default port number of a given service in Linux using grep command, just run:
$ grep <port> /etc/services
For example, to find the default port of a SSH service, simply run:
$ grep ssh /etc/services
It's that simple. This command should work on most Linux distributions. Here is the sample output from my Arch Linux test box:
ssh 22/tcp ssh 22/udp ssh 22/sctp sshell 614/tcp sshell 614/udp netconf-ssh 830/tcp netconf-ssh 830/udp sdo-ssh 3897/tcp sdo-ssh 3897/udp netconf-ch-ssh 4334/tcp snmpssh 5161/tcp snmpssh-trap 5162/tcp tl1-ssh 6252/tcp tl1-ssh 6252/udp ssh-mgmt 17235/tcp ssh-mgmt 17235/udp
As you can see in the above output, the default port number of SSH service is 22.
Let us find the port number of Apache web server. To do so, the command would be:
$ grep http /etc/services # http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers http 80/tcp www www-http # WorldWideWeb HTTP http 80/udp www www-http # HyperText Transfer Protocol http 80/sctp # HyperText Transfer Protocol https 443/tcp # http protocol over TLS/SSL https 443/udp # http protocol over TLS/SSL https 443/sctp # http protocol over TLS/SSL gss-http 488/tcp gss-http 488/udp webcache 8080/tcp http-alt # WWW caching service webcache 8080/udp http-alt # WWW caching service [...]
How about FTP port number? That's easy!
$ grep ftp /etc/services ftp-data 20/tcp ftp-data 20/udp # 21 is registered to ftp, but also used by fsp ftp 21/tcp ftp 21/udp fsp fspd tftp 69/tcp [...]
Method 2 - Using getent command
As you can see, the above commands shows all port names and numbers for the given search term "ssh", "http" and "ftp". That means, you will get a quite long output of all port names that matches with the given search term.
You can, however, narrow down the result to exact output using "getent" command like below:
$ getent services ssh ssh 22/tcp
$ getent services http http 80/tcp www www-http
$ getent services ftp ftp 21/tcp
If you don't know the port name but the port number, simply replace the port name with number like below:
$ getent services 80 http 80/tcp
To display all port names and numbers, simply run:
$ getent services
- How To Change Apache Default Port To A Custom Port
- How To Change FTP Default Port To A Custom Port
- How To Change SSH Default Port To A Custom Port
Method 3 - Using Whatportis Utility
The Whatportis is a simple python script used to find port names and numbers. Unlike the above commands, this utility displays the output in a nice tabular column format.
Make sure you have installed PIP package manager. If not, refer the following link.
Once installed PIP, run the following command to install Whatportis utility.
$ pip install whatportis
Now, you can find what port is associated with a service as shown below.
$ whatportis ssh
$ whatportis ftp
$ whatportis http
Sample output from my CentOS 7 server:
If you don't know the exact name of a service, use --like flag to display the relevant results.
$ whatportis mysql --like
The above commands helped you to find what port is associated with a service. You can also find what service is associated with a port number like below.
$ whatportis 993
You can even display the results in JSON format.
$ whatportis 993 --json
For more details, refer the GitHub repository.
And, that's all for now. You know now how to find the port names and numbers in Linux using three simple methods. If you know any other methods/commands, let me know in the comment section below. I will check and update this guide accordingly.