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Install MongoDB in linux

Install MongoDB Community Edition In Linux

By sk
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MongoDB is a free, cross-platform, open source, NoSQL document-oriented database. It supports GNU/Linux, Microsoft Windows, Solaris, and Mac OS X. MongoDB is available as two editions, Community and Enterprise edition. MongoDB community edition is free for personal usage, whereas enterprise edition is paid version that have more features and official support compared to the community edition. In this brief tutorial, we will see how to install MongoDB community edition in Linux.

Install MongoDB community edition in Linux

In RHEL / CentOS / Scientific Linux:

Set SELinux to permissive mode or disable it completely. To do so, edit /etc/selinux/config file:

$ sudo vi /etc/selinux/config

and set the SELINUX value as permissive or disabled.

SELINUX=permissive

Reboot the system to take effect the changes.

Add MongoDB repository and install it using yum.

To do so, create /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb.repo file:

$ sudo vi /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb.repo

Add the following lines:

[mongodb-org-4.0]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=https://repo.mongodb.org/yum/redhat/$releasever/mongodb-org/4.0/x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.0.asc

Save and close the file. Then, update the repository list with command:

$ sudo yum update

Finally, install MongoDB using command:

$ sudo yum install mongodb-org

Start the MongoDB service using command:

$ sudo systemctl start mongod

To verify the service is started, run:

$ sudo systemctl status mongod

Similarly, to restart or stop the service, run:

$ sudo systemctl restart mongod
$ sudo systemctl stop mongod

To start MongoDB service on every reboot, run:

$ sudo systemctl enable mongod

In Debian:

First, Import MongoDB public key:

$ wget -qO - https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.0.asc | sudo apt-key add -

Create a new file called /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list:

$ sudo touch /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

For Debian 8, run the following command to add MongoDB repository:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian jessie/mongodb-org/4.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

For Debian 9:

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian stretch/mongodb-org/4.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

Update the repository list:

$ sudo apt-get update

Finally, install it using command:

$ sudo apt-get install mongodb-org

Start MongoDB service using command:

$ sudo service mongod start

Similarly, restart/stop the service with command:

$ sudo service mongod restart
$ sudo service mongod stop

In Ubuntu:

First, import the MongoDB public key:

$ wget -qO - https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.0.asc | sudo apt-key add -

Next, we should add MongoDB repository in the Ubuntu system.

To do so, create a repository file with command:

$ sudo touch /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

Then, run the following command to add the MongoDB repository URL in mongodb repository file:

On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:

$ echo "deb [ arch=amd64 ] https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu bionic/mongodb-org/4.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

On Ubuntu 16.04 LTS:

$ echo "deb [ arch=amd64,arm64 ] https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu xenial/mongodb-org/4.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

On Ubuntu 14.04 LTS:

$ echo "deb [ arch=amd64 ] https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu trusty/mongodb-org/4.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

Update the repository lists using command:

$ sudo apt-get update

Finally, install MongoDB using the following command:

$ sudo apt-get install mongodb-org

Once installation is completed, run the following command to start the MongoDB service:

$ sudo systemctl start mongod

To check the status of the mongodb service, run:

$ sudo systemctl status mongod
● mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; disabled; vendor preset: en
Active: active (running) since Wed 2019-03-13 11:00:27 UTC; 1s ago
Docs: https://docs.mongodb.org/manual
Main PID: 2230 (mongod)
CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service
└─2230 /usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf

Mar 13 11:00:27 ubuntuserver systemd[1]: Started MongoDB Database Server

Similarly, to restart/stop this service, run:

$ sudo systemctl restart mongod
$ sudo systemctl stop mongod

Run this command to start this service automatically on every reboot.

$ sudo systemctl enable mongod

On openSUSE:

Import MongoDB key:

$ sudo rpm --import https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-4.0.asc

Add MongoDB using command:

$ sudo zypper addrepo --gpgcheck "https://repo.mongodb.org/zypper/suse/12/mongodb-org/4.0/x86_64/" mongodb

Then, run the following command to install MongoDB:

$ sudo zypper -n install mongodb-org

Start the MongoDB service command with command:

$ sudo service mongod start

To restart the service, run:

$ sudo service mongod restart

To stop it:

$ sudo service mongod stop

Enable the service on every reboot, run:

$ sudo chkconfig mongod on

After installing MongoDB, run the following command to log in to mongo shell.

mongo
mongodb shell

mongodb shell

To exit from the shell, run:

exit

Check the official MongoDB getting started guide for in-depth MongoDB usage.


Suggested read:


Uninstall MongoDB

To completely remove MongoDB from your system, do the following.

First, stop the service using command:

$ sudo systemctl stop mongod

Or,

$ sudo service mongod stop

Next, remove the mongodb packages using command:

On RHEL / CentOS:

$ sudo yum erase $(rpm -qa | grep mongodb-org)

On Debian:

$ sudo apt-get purge mongodb-org*

On openSUSE:

$ sudo zypper remove $(rpm -qa | grep mongodb-org)

Finally, delete database and log files.

$ sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongo

And, that's all for now. You know now how to install MongoDB on different Linux flavors, and how to remove MongoDB from your system if you don't need it anymore.

Thanks for stopping by!

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2 comments

MightyMoo August 30, 2016 - 6:41 pm

Mongo only pawn… in game of life.

Reply
Francis Wayungi April 17, 2019 - 12:33 pm

This is precise and accurate, thanks alot for this onpoint guidance

Reply

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