Home FAQ [Linux Tips] How To List Symlinks On Linux
How To List Symlinks On Linux

[Linux Tips] How To List Symlinks On Linux

By sk
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We already know what is Symlinks or Symbolic links or Soft links and how to find and delete broken Symlinks from our Linux system. Today, we are going to learn how to list Symlinks on Linux. If you have created some symlinks a long time ago and completely forget about them, this quick tip will help you to easily find them using "find" command.

List Symlinks On Linux

To list all of the symlinks or symbolic links or soft links in a Linux system, run:

$ sudo find / -type l

Here,

  • / - represents the entire filesystem.
  • -type - refers the file type.
  • l - refers the symlink.

This command will search for all available symbolic links in the entire filesystem. It will take a while depending upon the size of your filesystem. Please be patient!

If you want to limit the symlink search within a specific directory, mention its path as shown below.

For example, the following command will list all of the soft links in the current directory:

$ find . -type l

Please note the single dot (.) in the above command. In Linux, the single dot (.) is used to represent the current(present) directory. The double dot (..) is used to represent the parent directory.

Sample output:

./snap/multipass/current
./snap/multipass/1597/.config/autostart
./snap/multipass/1597/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
./snap/multipass/1784/.config/autostart
./snap/multipass/1784/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
./.local/share/webkitgtk/databases/indexeddb/v0
find: ‘./.dbus’: Permission denied
./.config/spyder-py3/spyder.lock
./Downloads/Tor browser/Browser/.config/ibus/bus
./.mozilla/firefox/htoypxlg.default-1563118799416/lock

If you want to search symlinks in a different directory, replace the dot (.) with the directory path.

If you want detailed output including timestamps, file permissions, owner and group, use the following command instead:

$ find . -type l -ls

Sample output:

  4458987      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk              4 Mar  6 13:58 ./snap/multipass/current -> 1784
 11927799      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             19 Mar  5 11:20 ./snap/multipass/1597/.config/autostart -> ../config/autostart
 11932200      4 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             72 Feb 27 15:30 ./snap/multipass/1597/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop -> /snap/multipass/1597/usr/share/multipass/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
 11534358      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             19 Mar 17 11:51 ./snap/multipass/1784/.config/autostart -> ../config/autostart
 11666096      4 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             72 Mar  6 13:58 ./snap/multipass/1784/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop -> /snap/multipass/1784/usr/share/multipass/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
  5246237      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             51 Feb 12 20:14 ./.local/share/webkitgtk/databases/indexeddb/v0 -> /home/sk/.local/share/webkitgtk/databases/indexeddb
find: ‘./.dbus’: Permission denied
  4459630      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk              5 Jan 24 17:39 ./.config/spyder-py3/spyder.lock -> 18461
  4340805      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             25 Feb 15 15:21 ./Downloads/Tor\ browser/Browser/.config/ibus/bus -> /home/sk/.config/ibus/bus
  4328111      0 lrwxrwxrwx   1 sk       sk             20 Mar 17 11:56 ./.mozilla/firefox/htoypxlg.default-1563118799416/lock -> 192.168.225.37:+2642

List Symlinks On Linux

As you may have noticed in the above outputs, the find command searches for the symlinks in the current directory and its sub-directories.

If you want to list all symlinks down one level in the current directory, use maxdepth flag like below.

$ find . -maxdepth 1 -type l

Another way to find the list of symlinks in the current directory:

$ find . -type l -printf '%p -> %l\n'

This will recursively list all the symlinks in the current directory. And also, it shows the actual files it points to.

Sample output:

./snap/multipass/current -> 1784
./snap/multipass/1597/.config/autostart -> ../config/autostart
./snap/multipass/1597/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop -> /snap/multipass/1597/usr/share/multipass/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
./snap/multipass/1784/.config/autostart -> ../config/autostart
./snap/multipass/1784/config/autostart/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop -> /snap/multipass/1784/usr/share/multipass/multipass.gui.autostart.desktop
./.local/share/webkitgtk/databases/indexeddb/v0 -> /home/sk/.local/share/webkitgtk/databases/indexeddb
find: ‘./.dbus’: Permission denied
./.config/spyder-py3/spyder.lock -> 18461
./Downloads/Tor browser/Browser/.config/ibus/bus -> /home/sk/.config/ibus/bus
./.mozilla/firefox/htoypxlg.default-1563118799416/lock -> 192.168.225.37:+2642

For more details, refer man pages.

$ man find

Hope this helps.

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1 comment

Jalal March 18, 2020 - 10:11 am

Hi,
Very good article
thanks a lot

Reply

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