This brief tutorial describes how to view CPU temperature on Linux using lm_sensors. The Lm_sensors, short for Linux-monitoring sensors, is a free software that provides the necessary tools and drivers for monitoring CPU temperatures, voltage, humidity, and fans. It can also detect chassis intrusions. So, you can find out a defective hardware components, and replace it to avoid the system hanging or overheating issues.
View CPU Temperature On Linux Using Lm_sensors
Lm_sensors comes pre-installed with most modern Linux operating systems. If it is not installed already, you can install it as shown below.
On Arch Linux and its derivatives:
$ sudo pacman -S lm_sensors
On RHEL, CentOS, Fedora:
$ sudo yum install lm_sensors
$ sudo dnf install lm_sensors
On Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint:
$ sudo apt-get install lm-sensors
On SUSE, openSUSE:
$ sudo zypper in sensors
Once installed, run the following command to configure lm_sensors:
$ sudo sensors-detect
The sensors-detect is a stand-alone program for detecting installed hardware and recommending specific modules to load. The "safe" answers are the defaults, so just hit to ENTER the accept the default values. It won't cause any problems. This will create the /etc/conf.d/lm_sensors configuration file which is used by lm_sensors.service to automatically load kernel modules on boot.
The sample output of the above command in my DELL Laptop:
# sensors-detect revision $Revision$ # System: Dell Inc. Inspiron N5050 [Not Specified] (laptop) # Board: Dell Inc. 01HXXJ # Kernel: 4.10.8-1-ARCH x86_64 # Processor: Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-2350M CPU @ 2.30GHz (6/42/7) This program will help you determine which kernel modules you need to load to use lm_sensors most effectively. It is generally safe and recommended to accept the default answers to all questions, unless you know what you're doing. Some south bridges, CPUs or memory controllers contain embedded sensors. Do you want to scan for them? This is totally safe. (YES/no): Module cpuid loaded successfully. Silicon Integrated Systems SIS5595... No VIA VT82C686 Integrated Sensors... No VIA VT8231 Integrated Sensors... No AMD K8 thermal sensors... No AMD Family 10h thermal sensors... No AMD Family 11h thermal sensors... No AMD Family 12h and 14h thermal sensors... No AMD Family 15h thermal sensors... No AMD Family 16h thermal sensors... No AMD Family 15h power sensors... No AMD Family 16h power sensors... No Intel digital thermal sensor... Success! (driver `coretemp') Intel AMB FB-DIMM thermal sensor... No Intel 5500/5520/X58 thermal sensor... No VIA C7 thermal sensor... No VIA Nano thermal sensor... No Some Super I/O chips contain embedded sensors. We have to write to standard I/O ports to probe them. This is usually safe. Do you want to scan for Super I/O sensors? (YES/no): Probing for Super-I/O at 0x2e/0x2f Trying family `National Semiconductor/ITE'... No Trying family `SMSC'... No Trying family `VIA/Winbond/Nuvoton/Fintek'... No Trying family `ITE'... No Probing for Super-I/O at 0x4e/0x4f Trying family `National Semiconductor/ITE'... Yes Found unknown chip with ID 0xfc11 Some hardware monitoring chips are accessible through the ISA I/O ports. We have to write to arbitrary I/O ports to probe them. This is usually safe though. Yes, you do have ISA I/O ports even if you do not have any ISA slots! Do you want to scan the ISA I/O ports? (YES/no): Probing for `National Semiconductor LM78' at 0x290... No Probing for `National Semiconductor LM79' at 0x290... No Probing for `Winbond W83781D' at 0x290... No Probing for `Winbond W83782D' at 0x290... No Lastly, we can probe the I2C/SMBus adapters for connected hardware monitoring devices. This is the most risky part, and while it works reasonably well on most systems, it has been reported to cause trouble on some systems. Do you want to probe the I2C/SMBus adapters now? (YES/no): Using driver `i2c-i801' for device 0000:00:1f.3: Intel Cougar Point (PCH) Module i2c-dev loaded successfully. Next adapter: SMBus I801 adapter at f040 (i2c-0) Do you want to scan it? (YES/no/selectively): Client found at address 0x50 Probing for `Analog Devices ADM1033'... No Probing for `Analog Devices ADM1034'... No Probing for `SPD EEPROM'... Yes (confidence 8, not a hardware monitoring chip) Probing for `EDID EEPROM'... No Next adapter: i915 gmbus ssc (i2c-1) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: i915 gmbus vga (i2c-2) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: i915 gmbus panel (i2c-3) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: i915 gmbus dpc (i2c-4) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: i915 gmbus dpb (i2c-5) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: i915 gmbus dpd (i2c-6) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Next adapter: DPDDC-B (i2c-7) Do you want to scan it? (yes/NO/selectively): Now follows a summary of the probes I have just done. Just press ENTER to continue: Driver `coretemp': * Chip `Intel digital thermal sensor' (confidence: 9) Do you want to overwrite /etc/conf.d/lm_sensors? (YES/no): Unloading i2c-dev... OK Unloading cpuid... OK
Now, type the following command to view the CPU temperature information of your Linux box:
coretemp-isa-0000 Adapter: ISA adapter Package id 0: +65.0°C (high = +80.0°C, crit = +85.0°C) Core 0: +65.0°C (high = +80.0°C, crit = +85.0°C) Core 1: +63.0°C (high = +80.0°C, crit = +85.0°C) acpitz-virtual-0 Adapter: Virtual device temp1: +63.5°C (crit = +84.0°C) dell_smm-virtual-0 Adapter: Virtual device Processor Fan: 4016 RPM CPU: +63.0°C Other: +59.0°C Other: +57.0°C GPU: +16.0°C
As you see in the above output, lm_sensors displays my CPU's current temperature, high and critical temperature in the brackets. If you find out any of your hardware devices reaches high or critical temperature, you probably need to check that hardware device.
To display the temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit instead of Celsius, use -f option.
$ sensors -f
To monitor the CPU temperature in real time, you can use 'watch' command like below.
$ watch sensors
Press CTRL+C to stop the monitoring at any time.
For more details, refer the man pages.
$ man sensors
And, that's all. If you find this guide useful, please show your support by sharing it on your social and professional networks.