This guide describes how to install and configure OpenVPN server in RPM and DEB based systems. In this guide, we are going to use a script called openvpn-install that automates the entire OpenVPN server installation and configuration process. This script helps you to setup your own VPN server in few minutes, even if you haven't used OpenVPN before.
Let us get started.
Install And Configure OpenVPN Server In Linux
For the purpose this guide, I will be using two systems that are running with CentOS 7 64bit edition. One acts as OpenVPN server, an another one acts as openVPN client. The following is my test boxes details.
- OS : CentOS 7 64bit minimal edition
- IP : 192.168.43.150/24
- Hostname : vpnserver.ostechnix.local
- OS : CentOS 7 64bit minimal edition
- IP : 192.168.43.199/24
First, we will see server side configuration.
OpenVPN Server installation and configuration
Download the openvpn-install script from its GitHub page.
wget https://git.io/vpn -O openvpn-install.sh
Then, run the script using the following command as root user:
You will be asked to answer a series of questions. Answer them accordingly.
Make sure the IP address of the VPN server is correct. If you use multiple IP addresses, enter the IP of the network interface you want OpenVPN listening to.
Welcome to this quick OpenVPN "road warrior" installer I need to ask you a few questions before starting the setup You can leave the default options and just press enter if you are ok with them First I need to know the IPv4 address of the network interface you want OpenVPN listening to. IP address: 192.168.43.150
Select which protocol do you want to use. I want to use tcp port, hence I selected number 2.
Which protocol do you want for OpenVPN connections? 1) UDP (recommended) 2) TCP Protocol [1-2]: 2
Enter the port number.
What port do you want OpenVPN listening to? Port: 1194
Enter the DNS server details do you want to use with the VPN. I want to use Google DNS resolvers, so I selected the option 2.
Which DNS do you want to use with the VPN? 1) Current system resolvers 2) Google 3) OpenDNS 4) NTT 5) Hurricane Electric 6) Verisign DNS [1-6]: 2
We have reached the final step. Enter your client certificate name. The name should be single word, and shouldn't contain any special characters.
Finally, tell me your name for the client certificate Please, use one word only, no special characters Client name: client
Press ENTER key to start the OPENVPN server installation.
Okay, that was all I needed. We are ready to setup your OpenVPN server now Press any key to continue...
Npw, this script will start to install all necessary packages to setup OpenVPN server. Anslo, it will create all necessary keys and certificates to authenticate with the VPN clients. This will take a few minutes.
Finally, the script will ask you if you have any External IP address. If you don't have any, just ignore by leaving it blank and press ENTER key.
If your server is NATed (e.g. LowEndSpirit), I need to know the external IP If that's not the case, just ignore this and leave the next field blank External IP: Finished! Your client configuration is available at /root/client.ovpn If you want to add more clients, you simply need to run this script again!
OpenVPN server installation and configuration is completed. As you see in the last output, the client configuration details is stored in a file /root/client.ovpn. You need to copy this file to all your VPN client systems.
I copied the client.ovpn file to my VPN client
scp client.ovpn firstname.lastname@example.org:/etc/openvpn/
Next, we need to configure the OpenVPN client.
OpenVPN client Configuration
Make sure you have copied the client.ovpn file from your VPN server system. I already have copied this file to /etc/openvpn/ directory of my VPN client system.
Install OpenVPN package using the distribution package manager.
yum install openvpn
Next, run the following command to establish secure connection with VPN server.
openvpn --config /etc/openvpn/client.ovpn
Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Unrecognized option or missing parameter(s) in /etc/openvpn/client.ovpn:14: block-outside-dns (2.3.14) Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 OpenVPN 2.3.14 x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu [SSL (OpenSSL)] [LZO] [EPOLL] [PKCS11] [MH] [IPv6] built on Dec 7 2016 Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 library versions: OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013, LZO 2.06 Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Control Channel Authentication: tls-auth using INLINE static key file Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Outgoing Control Channel Authentication: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Incoming Control Channel Authentication: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Socket Buffers: R=[87380->87380] S=[16384->16384] Wed Apr 5 18:50:44 2017 Attempting to establish TCP connection with [AF_INET]192.168.43.150:1194 [nonblock] Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 TCP connection established with [AF_INET]192.168.43.150:1194 Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 TCPv4_CLIENT link local: [undef] Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 TCPv4_CLIENT link remote: [AF_INET]192.168.43.150:1194 Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 TLS: Initial packet from [AF_INET]192.168.43.150:1194, sid=c6fb554e 362eb192 Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 VERIFY OK: depth=1, CN=ChangeMe Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Validating certificate key usage Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 ++ Certificate has key usage 00a0, expects 00a0 Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 VERIFY KU OK Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Validating certificate extended key usage Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 ++ Certificate has EKU (str) TLS Web Server Authentication, expects TLS Web Server Authentication Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 VERIFY EKU OK Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 VERIFY OK: depth=0, CN=server Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Data Channel Encrypt: Cipher 'AES-256-CBC' initialized with 256 bit key Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Data Channel Encrypt: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Data Channel Decrypt: Cipher 'AES-256-CBC' initialized with 256 bit key Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Data Channel Decrypt: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 Control Channel: TLSv1.2, cipher TLSv1/SSLv3 DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384, 2048 bit RSA Wed Apr 5 18:50:45 2017 [server] Peer Connection Initiated with [AF_INET]192.168.43.150:1194 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 SENT CONTROL [server]: 'PUSH_REQUEST' (status=1) Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 PUSH: Received control message: 'PUSH_REPLY,redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp,dhcp-option DNS 184.108.40.206,dhcp-option DNS 220.127.116.11,route-gateway 10.8.0.1,topology subnet,ping 10,ping-restart 120,ifconfig 10.8.0.2 255.255.255.0' Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 OPTIONS IMPORT: timers and/or timeouts modified Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 OPTIONS IMPORT: --ifconfig/up options modified Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 OPTIONS IMPORT: route options modified Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 OPTIONS IMPORT: route-related options modified Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 OPTIONS IMPORT: --ip-win32 and/or --dhcp-option options modified Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 ROUTE_GATEWAY 192.168.43.1/255.255.255.0 IFACE=enp0s3 HWADDR=08:00:27:28:98:6b Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 TUN/TAP device tun0 opened Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 TUN/TAP TX queue length set to 100 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 do_ifconfig, tt->ipv6=0, tt->did_ifconfig_ipv6_setup=0 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 /usr/sbin/ip link set dev tun0 up mtu 1500 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 /usr/sbin/ip addr add dev tun0 10.8.0.2/24 broadcast 10.8.0.255 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 /usr/sbin/ip route add 192.168.43.150/32 dev enp0s3 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 /usr/sbin/ip route add 0.0.0.0/1 via 10.8.0.1 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 /usr/sbin/ip route add 18.104.22.168/1 via 10.8.0.1 Wed Apr 5 18:50:48 2017 Initialization Sequence Completed
Now, check if tun0(VPN interface) is created, and check the VPN interface IP address using 'ip addr' command:
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether 08:00:27:28:98:6b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 192.168.43.199/24 brd 192.168.43.255 scope global dynamic enp0s3 valid_lft 42359sec preferred_lft 42359sec inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe28:986b/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 3: tun0: <POINTOPOINT,MULTICAST,NOARP,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UNKNOWN qlen 100 link/none inet 10.8.0.2/24 brd 10.8.0.255 scope global tun0 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
As you can see in the above output, Our VPN server automatically assigned an IP address 10.8.0.2 to the VPN client.
Now, try to ping the VPN server from your VPN client system:
ping -c3 10.8.0.1
PING 10.8.0.1 (10.8.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 10.8.0.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=1.05 ms 64 bytes from 10.8.0.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=1.94 ms 64 bytes from 10.8.0.1: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=2.49 ms --- 10.8.0.1 ping statistics --- 3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2001ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 1.057/1.832/2.495/0.594 ms
Congratulations! We have now successfully installed and configured OpenVPN server and client in CentOS. This method is same for DEB based systems such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint. Unlike the manual installation, this script makes the the openvpn installation and configuration much easier.