Home Secure Shell (SSH) SSLH – Share A Same Port For HTTPS And SSH

SSLH – Share A Same Port For HTTPS And SSH

By sk
Published: Last Updated on 20.9K views

In this brief tutorial, we will see what is SSLH, how to install SSLH and how to configure SSLH to share a same port for https and ssh in Linux and Unix-like operating systems.

What is SSLH?

Some Internet service providers and corporate companies might have blocked most of the ports, and allowed only a few specific ports such as port 80 and 443 to tighten their security.

In such cases, we have no choice, but use a same port for multiple programs, say the HTTPS Port 443, which is rarely blocked. Here is where SSLH, a SSL/SSH multiplexer, comes in help.

SSLH will listen for incoming connections on a port 443. To put this more simply, SSLH allows us  to run several programs or services on port 443 on a Linux system. So, you can use both SSL and SSH using a same port at the same time.

If you ever been in a situation where most ports are blocked by the firewalls, you can use SSLH to access your remote server.

Install SSLH in Linux

SSLH is packaged for most Linux distributions, so you can install it using the default package managers.

On Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Pop OS, run:

$ sudo apt install sslh

While installing SSLH, you will prompted whether you want to run sslh as a service from inetd, or as a standalone server.

Each choice has its own benefits. With only a few connection per day, it is probably better to run sslh from inetd in order to save resources.

On the other hand, with many connections, sslh should run as a standalone server to avoid spawning a new process for each incoming connection.

install sslh
Install sslh

On Arch Linux and derivatives like Antergos, Manjaro Linux, install it using Pacman as shown below.

$ sudo pacman -S sslh

On RHEL, CentOS, AlmaLinux and Rocky Linux, you need to add EPEL repository and then install SSLH as shown below.

$ sudo dnf install epel-release
$ sudo dnf install sslh

On Fedora:

$ sudo dnf install sslh

If it is not available on default repositories, you can manually compile and install SSLH as described here.

Configure Apache or Nginx webservers

As you already know, Apache and Nginx webservers will listen on all network interfaces (i.e by default. We need to change this setting to tell the webserver to listen on the localhost interface only (i.e. or localhost:443).

To do so, edit the webserver (nginx or apache) configuration file and find the following line:

listen 443 ssl;

And, change it to:

listen ssl;

If you’re using Virutalhosts in Apache, make sure you have changed that it too.


Save and close the config files. Do not restart the services. We haven't finished yet.

Configure SSLH

Once you have made the webservers to listen on local interface only, edit SSLH config file:

$ sudo vi /etc/default/sslh

Find the following line:


And, change it to:


Then, scroll a little bit down and modify the following line to allow SSLH to listen on port 443 on all available interfaces (Eg.

DAEMON_OPTS="--user sslh --listen --ssh --ssl --pidfile /var/run/sslh/sslh.pid"


  • --user sslh : Requires to run under this specified username.
  • --listen : SSLH is listening on port 443 on all available interfaces.
  • --sshs : Route SSH traffic to port 22 on the localhost.
  • --ssl : Route HTTPS/SSL traffic to port 443 on the localhost.

Save and close the file.

Finally, enable and start sslh service to update the changes.

$ sudo systemctl enable sslh
$ sudo systemctl start sslh


Check if the SSLH daemon is listening to 443.

$ ps -ef | grep sslh 
sslh 2746 1 0 15:51 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/sslh --foreground --user sslh --listen 443 --ssh 22 --ssl 443 --pidfile /var/run/sslh/sslh.pid
sslh 2747 2746 0 15:51 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/sslh --foreground --user sslh --listen 443 --ssh 22 --ssl 443 --pidfile /var/run/sslh/sslh.pid
sk 2754 1432 0 15:51 pts/0 00:00:00 grep --color=auto sslh

Now, you can access your remote server via SSH using port 443:

$ ssh -p 443 sk@

Sample output:

sk@'s password: 
Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.15.0-55-generic x86_64)

* Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com
* Management: https://landscape.canonical.com
* Support: https://ubuntu.com/advantage

System information as of Wed Aug 14 13:11:04 IST 2019

System load: 0.23 Processes: 101
Usage of /: 53.5% of 19.56GB Users logged in: 0
Memory usage: 9% IP address for enp0s3:
Swap usage: 0% IP address for enp0s8:

* Keen to learn Istio? It's included in the single-package MicroK8s.


61 packages can be updated.
22 updates are security updates.

Last login: Wed Aug 14 13:10:33 2019 from
Access remote systems via SSH using port 443
Access remote systems via SSH using port 443

See? I can now be able to access the remote server via SSH even if the default SSH port 22 is blocked. As you see in the above example, I have used the https port 443 for SSH connection. Also, we can use the same port 443 for openVPN connections too.


I tested SSLH on my Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server and it worked just fine as described above. I tested SSLH in a protected local area network, so I am not yet aware of the security issues. If you're using it in production, let us know the advantages and disadvantages of using SSLH in the comment section below.

For more details, check the official GitHub page given below.


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Daniel Aleksandersen August 15, 2017 - 3:03 am

Okay, this is admittedly a clever work around if port availability is limited.. However, this sounds risky in terms of security. What new and interesting security issues may arise from a protocol multiplexer? Who knows? —and that right limits the usefulness of this until someone takes the time to audit the code.

Arun Khan August 17, 2017 - 11:55 pm

I connect to an openVPN server configured to run on 443 (login in with SSL cert + user auth). From there on I can connect to any of my servers over SSH. I have found this solution to work in many public WiFi hotspots. No experience with Enterprise networks, they may blacklist the IP numbers of public VPN providers.

tomer glick January 31, 2018 - 12:29 am

That did not work for me. The reason is that by telling sslh to listen on, it listening on ALL interfaces including which ssl already uses.
The work around I did is to use the actual IP of my server instead of That option might not be optional on servers with dynamic IP. So another solution is to change the port that ssl is listening on to something else then 443.


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