Ruby on Rails is a free, open source web application framework that allows you to build web applications more easily and quickly. There are hundreds of thousands popular applications such as Basecamp, GitHub, Shopify, Airbnb, Twitch, SoundCloud, Hulu, Zendesk, Square, Highrise, and many are built using Ruby on Rails. In this tutorial, we will see how to install Install Ruby on Rails on CentOS 7 and Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server. Also, the installation steps given below should work on other DEB and RPM based distributions.
Install Ruby on Rails
Update and upgrade your Ubuntu system with command:
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade
On CentOS, run:
$ sudo yum update
Then install Ruby enVironment Manager(shortly RVM). It is a command line tool used to easily install, manage and work with multiple Ruby environments.
We need to download and add RVM public key. To do so, install curl package first.
$ sudo yum install curl
$ sudo apt-get install curl
Now, run the following commands one by one to download and add RVM public key:
$ curl -#LO https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc
$ gpg --import mpapis.asc
Download RVM installer script using command:
$ curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/archive/1.29.3.tar.gz Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/releases/download/1.29.3/1.29.3.tar.gz.asc gpg: Signature made Monday 11 September 2017 02:29:21 AM IST gpg: using RSA key E206C29FBF04FF17 gpg: Good signature from "Michal Papis (RVM signing) <[email protected]>" [unknown] gpg: aka "Michal Papis <[email protected]>" [unknown] gpg: aka "[jpeg image of size 5015]" [unknown] gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: 409B 6B17 96C2 7546 2A17 0311 3804 BB82 D39D C0E3 Subkey fingerprint: 62C9 E5F4 DA30 0D94 AC36 166B E206 C29F BF04 FF17 GPG verified '/home/sk/.rvm/archives/rvm-1.29.3.tgz' Installing RVM to /home/sk/.rvm/ Adding rvm PATH line to /home/sk/.profile /home/sk/.mkshrc /home/sk/.bashrc /home/sk/.zshrc. Adding rvm loading line to /home/sk/.profile /home/sk/.bash_profile /home/sk/.zlogin. Installation of RVM in /home/sk/.rvm/ is almost complete: * To start using RVM you need to run `source /home/sk/.rvm/scripts/rvm` in all your open shell windows, in rare cases you need to reopen all shell windows.
As you noticed in the above output, there is a line that says "To start using RVM you need to run `source /home/sk/.rvm/scripts/rvm`":
So, let us run that command to set the RVM environment path:
$ source ~/.rvm/scripts/rvm
On RPM based systems, this line might be different. Check on your output and run the command accordingly. In my CentOS 7 OS I got - To start using RVM you need to run `source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh`.
So, I ran the following command:
$ source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh
After adding the RVM path, run the following command to install RVM dependencies.
$ rvm requirements
Checking requirements for ubuntu. Installing requirements for ubuntu. Updating system .. . Installing required packages: g++, gcc, make, libc6-dev, libreadline6-dev, zlib1g-dev, libssl-dev, libyaml-dev, libsqlite3-dev, sqlite3, autoconf, libgmp-dev, libgdbm-dev, libncurses5-dev, automake, libtool, bison, pkg-config, libffi-dev............................... Requirements installation successful.
We have completed the prerequisites for Ruby on Rails.
Let us go ahead and install Ruby and Rails.
Now, let us find out the available Ruby versions using command:
$ rvm list known
# MRI Rubies [ruby-]1.8.6[-p420] [ruby-]1.8.7[-head] # security released on head [ruby-]1.9.1[-p431] [ruby-]1.9.2[-p330] [ruby-]1.9.3[-p551] [ruby-]2.0.0[-p648] [ruby-]2.1[.10] [ruby-]2.2[.7] [ruby-]2.3[.4] [ruby-]2.4[.1] ruby-head # for forks use: rvm install ruby-head-<name> --url https://github.com/github/ruby.git --branch 2.2 # JRuby jruby-1.6[.8] jruby-1.7[.27] jruby[-184.108.40.206] jruby-head # Rubinius rbx-1[.4.3] rbx-2.3[.0] rbx-2.4[.1] rbx-2[.5.8] rbx-3[.84] rbx-head # Opal opal # Minimalistic ruby implementation - ISO 30170:2012 mruby-1.0.0 mruby-1.1.0 mruby-1.2.0 mruby-1[.3.0] mruby[-head] # Ruby Enterprise Edition ree-1.8.6 ree[-1.8.7][-2012.02] # Topaz topaz # MagLev maglev[-head] maglev-1.0.0 # Mac OS X Snow Leopard Or Newer macruby-0.10 macruby-0.11 macruby[-0.12] macruby-nightly macruby-head # IronRuby ironruby[-1.1.3] ironruby-head
To install any Ruby version, for example 2.4.1, run the following command from Terminal:
$ rvm install 2.4.1
Searching for binary rubies, this might take some time. No binary rubies available for: ubuntu/18.04/x86_64/ruby-2.4.1. Continuing with compilation. Please read 'rvm help mount' to get more information on binary rubies. Checking requirements for ubuntu. Installing requirements for ubuntu. Updating system... Installing required packages: libreadline6-dev... Requirements installation successful. Installing Ruby from source to: /home/sk/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.4.1, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)... ruby-2.4.1 - #downloading ruby-2.4.1, this may take a while depending on your connection... % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 11.9M 100 11.9M 0 0 74477 0 0:02:48 0:02:48 --:--:-- 88459 ruby-2.4.1 - #extracting ruby-2.4.1 to /home/sk/.rvm/src/ruby-2.4.1.... ruby-2.4.1 - #applying patch /home/sk/.rvm/patches/ruby/2.4.1/random_c_using_NR_prefix.patch. ruby-2.4.1 - #configuring.................................................................. ruby-2.4.1 - #post-configuration.. ruby-2.4.1 - #compiling.......................................................................- ruby-2.4.1 - #installing........... ruby-2.4.1 - #making binaries executable.. ruby-2.4.1 - #downloading rubygems-2.6.14 % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 751k 100 751k 0 0 46591 0 0:00:16 0:00:16 --:--:-- 44278 No checksum for downloaded archive, recording checksum in user configuration. ruby-2.4.1 - #extracting rubygems-2.6.14.... ruby-2.4.1 - #removing old rubygems......... ruby-2.4.1 - #installing rubygems-2.6.14........................... ruby-2.4.1 - #gemset created /home/sk/.rvm/gems/[email protected] ruby-2.4.1 - #importing gemset /home/sk/.rvm/gemsets/global.gems..............................| ruby-2.4.1 - #generating global wrappers........ ruby-2.4.1 - #gemset created /home/sk/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.1 ruby-2.4.1 - #importing gemsetfile /home/sk/.rvm/gemsets/default.gems evaluated to empty gem list ruby-2.4.1 - #generating default wrappers........ ruby-2.4.1 - #adjusting #shebangs for (gem irb erb ri rdoc testrb rake). Install of ruby-2.4.1 - #complete Ruby was built without documentation, to build it run: rvm docs generate-ri
Finally, set Ruby default version using command:
$ rvm use 2.4.1 --default
To find out the installed Ruby version, run:
$ ruby -v
ruby 2.4.1p111 (2017-03-22 revision 58053) [x86_64-linux]
That's it. Next, we need to install Rails.
Rails can be installed using command:
$ gem install rails
The above command will install the most recent Rails version. You can also install a specific version, for example 4.2.6, like below.
$ gem install rails -v 4.2.6
To view the installed version of Rails, run:
$ rails -v
That's it. Ruby on Rails has been installed in CentOS 7 and Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server editions. For more details about setting up Ruby and Rails development environment, visit the link given at the end of this tutorial.
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