Home openSUSE How To Install openSUSE Leap 15.3 Desktop – A Step By Step Guide

How To Install openSUSE Leap 15.3 Desktop – A Step By Step Guide

openSUSE installation guide with screenshots

By Karthick
Published: Last Updated on 804 Views

This step by step guide explains how to download the latest openSUSE Leap and Tumbleweed editions and how to install openSUSE Leap 15.3 desktop edition with screenshots.

Introduction

OpenSUSE is a popular open-source community-driven Linux distribution. OpenSUSE comes in two different flavors.

  • OpenSUSE LEAP
  • OpenSUSE Tumbleweed

OpenSUSE Leap is designed for LTS and is a perfect choice for those who prefers a stable version. It shares the same code base with "SUSE Enterprise Linux". The latest release of leap is 15.3.

OpenSUSE Tumbleweed is a rolling release distribution and is better suited for those who prefers latest and up-to-date software. Packages will be updated to the latest version with every release and if you are someone looking to keep the system and packages always up-to-date, tumbleweed is a perfect choice.

Download openSUSE ISO image

You can download the iso image from the openSUSE official page. ISO image is offered as network install and offline install. When you do not have an internet connection during installation, download the iso image from offline install. The size of offline install will be around 4 GB since it contains all the necessary binaries.

Create openSUSE bootable medium

Once the openSUSE ISO file is downloaded, you need to create bootable USB medium. There are many bootable USB creation tools available to create a bootable USB medium

You can choose any one of the following tools to create Alma Linux bootable USB.

Command line bootable USB creation tools:

Graphical bootable USB creation tools:

If you wish to install and test openSUSE in any hypervisor (Virtualbox, KVM, Vmware), just skip the media creation and boot up the ISO image.

Install openSUSE Leap 15.3 step by step

STEP 1 - Once the ISO image is booted, you will see the initial screen like as shown in the below image. Select "Installation" and press ENTER to the start the installation process.

Start openSUSE installation
Start openSUSE installation

The installer will load the kernel and all other modules required for installation.

STEP 2 - In this step, you have to set the keyboard layout, language, and license agreement. By default, English is selected. Change it according to your needs. You can use the "keyboard Test" tab to test the keyboard layout. Once everything is set, press "Next".

Language, keyboard and license agreement
Language, keyboard and license agreement

STEP 3 - If the installer detects the internet connectivity, it will prompt you to activate online repositories. These additional repositories offer the latest packages along with bug fixes and security patches.

Click "Yes" to activate online repositories:

Update online repositories
Update online repositories

It is advisable at least to select "Main repository" which will apply the latest security patches during the installation.

List of additional repositories
List of additional repositories

STEP 4 - Choose the preferred desktop or server environments.

Each environment is created as a system role. For a desktop environment, you can choose KDE Plasma, Gnome, or Xfce.

If you wish to have just a terminal interface, then you can choose "Server" which will install a few necessary packages and provide you only the textual interface.

In my case, it is going to be "Gnome" role.

System role
System role

STEP 5 - In this step, you have to partition your drive. If you are a beginner, I suggest sticking with the default partition scheme offered by the installer. If not, choose "Expert Partitioner" and create your own partition scheme.

Partitioning schemes
Partitioning schemes

In the next step, you will get a new window where you can create partitions manually. There are also options to create LVM, Raid partition schemes.

Add new partition
Add new partition

Once you clicked the "Add Partition" button, you will be prompted to choose the storage for the partition and press Next.

Configure storage size
Configure storage size

In the next step, choose "operating system" as the role.

Choose role
Choose role

In the next step, you can format the drive and set file system type along with mount point options. You can also control the fstab options in this window.

Formatting options
Formatting options

Follow the same steps and create your own custom partition scheme. Once done, press next.

Partition disk for openSUSE installation
Partition disk for openSUSE installation

STEP 6 - In this step, the clock and timezone have to be set. You can select the region and timezone from the dropdown box or directly click your region on the map.

Clock and timezone
Clock and timezone

You can also sync time with the NTP server. Here NTP service will run as a daemon. Click "Other Settings" and click "Synchronize now".

Sync time with NTP server
Sync time with NTP server

Syncing the clock with the NTP server can also be done once the operating system is installed.

STEP 7 - In this step, create a new user and set administrator privilege for the user. This step can be skipped and users can be created inside the operating system too. But, it is always advisable to create a user other than the root user and set administrative privileges which will allow you to perform system activities without switching as the root user.

New user creation
New user creation

STEP 8 - In this step, an Installation overview will be displayed. If you wish to change any of the parameters, you can do it from this page from their respective sections.

openSUSE installation summary
openSUSE installation summary

STEP 9 - Press Install to begin the installation and wait for the installer to do its job. Depending upon what system role you’ve chosen in the earlier step, the installation time may vary.

Installing openSUSE
Installing openSUSE

Once the installation is completed, log in to the newly installed operating system and start using openSUSE.

Login to openSUSE GNOME desktop
Login to openSUSE GNOME desktop

Check the installed openSUSE version using command:

$ cat /etc/os-release
View openSUSE version
View openSUSE version

Conclusion

In this article, I have shown you step-by-step instructions on how to install OpenSUSE. Though this article shows openSUSE Leap installation steps, the installation procedure will be pretty much the same for Tumbleweed too.

For any feedback or suggestions, use the comment section and we will be happy to hear from you.

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