You could have installed many applications on your Linux system. This brief guide explains how to list all installed packages in Linux from command line with examples.
The commands to display all installed packages varies depending on the type of the package manager you use. I have included example commands for all popular package managers.
1. Display installed packages using pacman in Arch Linux
Pacman is the default package manager for Arch Linux and its derivatives like EndeavourOS and Manjaro Linux.
To list all installed packages using
pacman in Arch Linux and its variants, run:
$ pacman -Q
If you want to view the output page by page, pipe the output to
more command like below:
$ pacman -Q | more
To list only the explicitly installed packages and versions:
$ pacman -Qe
To list only the total number of installed packages in Arch Linux, pipe the
pacman output to
$ pacman -Q | wc -l 134
As you can see in the above output, I have installed 134 packages in my Arch Linux system.
You can also export all installed packages to a text file and install them later on a freshly installed Arch Linux. For details, check the following guide:
2. Get list of installed packages using apk command in Alpine Linux
Apk, short for Alpine Package Manager, is the default package manager for Alpine Linux.
The command to view the list of installed packages in Alpine Linux is:
$ apk info
If you want to view the list of installed packages with along with version number and package description, use
-vv flag like below:
$ apk info -vv
lm_sensors-3.4.0-r6 - Collection of user space tools for general SMBus access and hardware monitoring. man-1.14.3-r0 - dummy package for upgrade compatibility. this can safely be removed libcrypto1.1-1.1.1i-r0 - Crypto library from openssl libssl1.1-1.1.1i-r0 - SSL shared libraries [...]
To list only the total number of all installed packages in Alpine Linux, pipe the
apk info output to
wc command like below:
$ apk info | wc -l 86
3. Find installed packages using apt command in Debian, Ubuntu
Apt provides a high-level command line interface for the package management system in Debian, Ubuntu and other Debian-based systems.
To display the list of installed packages in Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint and other DEB-based systems, run:
$ apt list --installed
Display the total number of installed packages in Debian-based systems, pipe the output of
apt command to
wc command as shown below:
$ apt list --installed | wc -l 2575
4. Using dpkg command in Debian, Ubuntu
Dpkg is a command line tool to install, build, remove and manage Debian packages.
To list all installed packages with versions and details using
dpkg command, run:
$ dpkg -l
Alternatively, you can use
dpkg-query command to list all installed Debian packages.
$ dpkg-query -l
List only the total number of installed packages in Debian-based systems:
$ dpkg -l | wc -l 2668
$ dpkg-query -l | wc -l 2668
5. Using yum command in RHEL, Fedora, CentOS
Yum, stands for Yellowdog Updater, Modified, is the command line management utility to install and manage packages in Red-hat based systems. It is now replaced with
dnf in the recent versions of RHEL and CentOS.
To find the list of installed packages in Fedora, RHEL and its clones like CentOS, run:
$ yum list installed
List only the total number of installed packages using
$ yum list installed | wc -l 347
6. Using dnf command in in RHEL, Fedora, CentOS
DNF is the next generation version of YUM and it has been the default package manager since Fedora 22, RHEL 8 and CentOS 8. DNF usage is same as Yum.
To find the list of installed packages in RHEL, Fedora, CentOS using
$ dnf list installed
If you want to display only the total number of packages using
dnf command, run:
$ dnf list installed | wc -l
7. Using zypper command in openSUSE
Zypper is the default command line package manager to install and manage packages in SUSE and openSUSE.
To list installed packages in openSUSE using
$ zypper se --installed-only
8. Using rpm command
RPM command, stands for Red Hat Package Manager, is used to install and manage applications from command line in Redhat-based systems.
To list every RPM package installed on your system, run:
$ rpm -qa
To view the output page by page, pipe the output to
$ rpm -qa | more
You can also all installed packages with the latest ones at the top using
--last flag like below:
$ rpm -qa --last
The following two are universal methods. You can use these commands on any systems that have installed with either
9. List packages installed with snap
Snap is a software deployment and package management system developed by Canonical.
To list all snap applications installed on your system, run:
$ snap list
Name Version Rev Tracking Publisher Notes chromium 87.0.4280.88 1424 latest/stable canonical* - core 16-2.48 10444 latest/stable canonical* core core18 20201210 1944 latest/stable canonical* base gnome-3-26-1604 188.8.131.5200529 100 latest/stable/… canonical* - gnome-3-28-1804 3.28.0-19-g98f9e67.98f9e67 145 latest/stable canonical* - gnome-3-34-1804 0+git.3556cb3 60 latest/stable canonical* - gnome-system-monitor 3.36.0-12-g35f88a56d7 148 latest/stable/… canonical* - gtk-common-themes 0.1-50-gf7627e4 1514 latest/stable/… canonical* - multipass 1.5.0 2907 latest/stable canonical* -
10. List installed packages using flatpak
Flatpak is a platform-independent package management system to build, install and run sandboxed desktop applications and runtimes on Linux.
To list all installed flatpak applications in Linux, run:
$ flatpak list --app
Name Application ID Version Branch Installation Fondo com.github.calo001.fondo 1.5.1 stable system Flatseal com.github.tchx84.Flatseal 1.6.5 stable system FontFinder io.github.mmstick.FontFinder 2.0.0 stable system Giara org.gabmus.giara 0.3 stable system Solanum org.gnome.Solanum 1.1.0 stable system
Please note that the above command will list only the packages that are exclusively installed with flatpak application.
For more details, refer the man pages of the respective commands.
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